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Knowledge and self-care practice of leprosy patients at ALERT Hospital, Ethiopia
Introduction:

In addition to multi-drug treatment, patient self-care practice is crucial for the successful treatment of the disease. This study assessed the knowledge and self-care practices of leprosy patients at ALERT leprosy referral hospital in Ethiopia.

Methods:

A total of 424 leprosy patients were interviewed using pre-tested structured questionnaires. The questionnaires included core points such as sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge of leprosy and self-care practices. Bloom’s cut off point was used to describe the knowledge and self-care practices of the respondents and statistical significance was assessed at 95% confidence interval with 5% of level of significance.

Results:

The knowledge score of the respondents was poor for 276 (65.1%) and good for 148 (34.9%). The level of knowledge varied significantly with respect to age group (p < 0.01), sex (p < 0.01), marital status (p = 0.003), educational status (p < 0.01) and income (p < 0.01). About 77.4% of interviewed patients had poor self-care practices and only 22.6 of patients had a good self-care practice score (p < 0.01). Age (p < 0.002), previous disability due to leprosy (p < 0.01), knowledge of leprosy (p = 0.038) and income (P = 0.028), were significantly associated with poor selfcare practice.

Conclusion:

Although leprosy treatment, disability prevention and rehabilitation programs have been run in the country for decades, poor leprosy self-care practice and poor leprosy knowledge has been confirmed in this study. Therefore, the leprosy program should re-visit its strategy and mode of delivery to improve the leprosy knowledge and leprosy self-care practices of patients.

Cite this article
Lisanawork Girma, Kidist Bobosha, Tsegaye Hailu, Edessa Negera;
Knowledge and self-care practice of leprosy patients at ALERT Hospital, Ethiopia; Leprosy Review; 2019; 90; 1; 78-87; DOI: 10.47276/lr.90.1.78
LEPROSY
Leprosy Review
0305-7518
British Leprosy Relief Association
Colchester, UK