British Leprosy Relief Association
Balance control is compromised in patients with leprosy
ViveiroLarissa Alamino Pereiraa
VieiraJuliane De Oliveira Marquesa
TrindadeMaria Angela Bianconcinib
aDepartamento de Fisioterapia, Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo, Brasil
bDepartamento de Dermatologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo, Brasil
To analyse the balance control of individuals with leprosy compared to healthy individuals.
Leprosy patients and healthy controls were recruited through the Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brasil. During the data collection process, individuals stood on a force plate (Pro Balance Master 8.1.0, Neurocom®, Inc, Oregon, USA) and received verbal instructions to remain motionless, with arms at their sides and feet positioned in a standard location on the plate, while movement in the subjects Centre of Pressure (COP) was recorded.
Significant differences were found for Area (A) of Centre of Pressure (COP) (area of an ellipse comprising 85% of the sampled COP) in conditions 2 (individual standing barefoot, with eyes closed on a stable force plate), 3 (individual standing barefoot, with eyes open on an unstable force plate), and 4 (individual standing barefoot, with eyes closed on an unstable force plate) (P = 0.044, P = 0.001, and P = 0.001, respectively), for Velocity of COP in side-to-side direction (Vx) in condition 3 (P = 0.039), and for Velocity of COP in forwardbackward direction (Vy) in conditions 1 (individual standing barefoot, with eyes open on a stable force plate), 2, and 3 (P = 0.023, P = 0.050, and P = 0.022, respectively).
Balance control among individuals with leprosy presented greater Area and Velocity of COP oscillation especially in the forward-backward direction, when compared to healthy individuals.
LeprosyPostural BalanceSomatosensory Disorders