British Leprosy Relief Association
Leprosy with neurofibromatosis – a diagnostic dilemma
aDepartment of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
Correspondence to: C. Grover, 11/15, Nehru Nagar, New Delhi 110065, India (Tel: +11-26331255, 9818065653; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
The coexistence of leprosy with neurofibromatosis is a rare finding and can pose a diagnostic dilemma. Neurofibromatosis coexisting with borderline tuberculoid leprosy has previously not been reported. We report such a case in a 13-year-old boy where biopsy of clinically uninvolved nerve revealed the presence of acid-fast bacilli. A careful diagnostic workup is needed in such cases to ensure proper treatment. Both disorders affect Schwann cells and their relationship merits further consideration.